India is the largest producer of mangoes and account for over 60 percent of the world production, which was estimated to be 16. 1 million tones. Indian mangoes is an exotic fruit with a tantalizing taste, the Indian mango has never ceased to be delight. Indian mangoes are extensively cultivated in groves that have rich and fertile soil.
India produces wide variety of mangoes. The alphonso, rotator, bad am, neola, somali, limbaugh, dasher and lenora are only few of the many varieties.
Mangoes are rich in vitamin a and C.
The most sought after fruit in the world, the alphonso, popularly known as "the king of mangoes", is grown only in India mainly in ranger, edgar, Bombay, ban galore and val sad.
Luscious and succulent, the alphonso is irresistible to most people. Size medium, shape ovate oblique, base obliquely flattened; central shoulder and higher than dorsal. Skin is medium thin, yellow. Taste is sweet; juice moderate to abundant. Sweet aroma with characteristics flavor, fibreless fruit. The fruit should be stored pre-cooled after harvesting and stored at 12-13 degree centigrade. The temperature should not go below 10. 0 degree centigrade as this cause chilling injury. Fruit keeping quality is good.
Availability: from march to june. Southeast Asian kings and nobles had their own mango groves with private cultivars being sources of great pride and social standing